Shanhua District

Shanhua District

Location of Shanhua District in Tainan
Country Republic of China (Taiwan)
Special municipality Tainan
  Total 55.31 km2 (21.36 sq mi)
Population (January 2016)
  Total 46,931
  Density 769.25/km2 (1,992.3/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Postal code 741

Shanhua District (Chinese: 善化區; pinyin: Shànhuà Qū; Wade–Giles: Shan-hua; literally: "amelioration") is a suburban district of Tainan, a special municipality located in southwestern Taiwan, about 20 km northeast of Anping. Until December 25, 2010, it was an urban township in the dissolved Tainan County, which is now merged with the original Tainan City to form a single special municipality.


Shanhua was inhabited by the Taiwanese aboriginal tribe of Siraya, who called it Bakaloan (Chinese: 目加溜灣社; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Ba̍k-ka-liù-oan siā) (see also Anding, bordering to the southwest). It was one of the four major towns (Chinese: ) established by the tribe.

In 1625, the Dutch East India Company was driven back by the aborigines while trying to collect bamboo. The Dutch, however, were able to conquer the town in 1635, and started setting up schools and churches in the area, calling the place Tevoran[1] (see modern-day Yujing). They encouraged Han settlers to cultivate the place.

In the Siege of Fort Zeelandia, Koxinga drove the Europeans out of Taiwan. Under the Kingdom of Tungning, Bakaloan was governed as Shanhua Village of Tien-hsing County (Chinese: 天興縣) of the Kingdom of Tungning. According to the Shanhua Urban Plan Total Review Report, the old name for the region is Wanli (灣裡) before it was changed back again to Shanhua Village (善化庄) under Japanese rule in 1920.[2] In 1940, the village was upgraded to Zenka Town (善化街), Shinka District (新化郡), Tainan Prefecture.


Until December 25, 2010, the chief executive of Shanhua Township was the popularly elected magistrate (Chinese: 鎮長). The township also had a council (Chinese: 善化鎮民代表會) consisting of councillors elected from the township.

Since the current administrative arrangement came into effect on the above date, a director (Chinese: 區長) appointed by the mayor of Tainan City is in charge of the administration of the newly created district.


Shanhua has an agricultural economy. Major products of the township include rice, sugarcane, strawberry, and watermelon.[3]

In 1973, the Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center (AVRDC) was co-established by eleven nations including the United States, Japan, and the Republic of China (Taiwan). It has the goal to improve agricultural techniques. The headquarters of the organization is located in the southern part of Shanhua, and is the first and only headquarters of an international organization located in Taiwan.

The National Science Council of the Executive Yuan founded the Tainan Science Park based in Sinshih. Part of the park lies within Shanhua, and brings job opportunities to local residents.

Notable natives

Tourist attractions

Qing-An Gong

Shanhua Qing-An Gong

The Qing-An Gong (simplified Chinese: 庆安宫; traditional Chinese: 慶安宮; pinyin: Qìng-ān gōng) is a temple, which is almost 300 years old, dedicated to goddess Matsu. According to oral tradition, the Dutch set up a Dutch language school here when they ruled Taiwan.[2]


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Shanhua District, Tainan.


  1. 地名由來: 各地方的地方起源與變遷-台南. 鄉土台灣 (in Chinese). 台灣咁仔店. April 30, 2002.
  2. 1 2 Regions and local info: Shanhua Township, Tainan County Government
  3. About Shanhua Township: Industry, Shanhua Township Government

External links

Coordinates: 23°08′N 120°18′E / 23.133°N 120.300°E / 23.133; 120.300

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the Saturday, February 13, 2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.